La face cachée de la parentalité : une approche sociologique de l'accompagnement de la fonction parentale

Abstract : Contemporary society is characterized by a high rate of divorce. This raises the concern of the authorities, for they are anxious to preserve social cohesion. Co-parenting, i.e. authority exercised jointly by both parents, is enshrined in law. Social centres help spread this message to families living in deprived areas, in exchange for which they receive funding from pro-parenthood organizations. In spite of their self-professed neutrality, is it not possible that these schemes advocate their own specific representation of the role of families within our society ? The current concerns of those who govern us have to be situated in their historical perspective. We may ask ourselves whether these concerns are always neutral, or indeed if they echo the ideologies of the era. An analysis of parenthood support is necessary in order to find out which values are advocated. We will then assess the scope of social and family ties amongst inhabitants of a working-class area, the level of mutual assistance from which they benefit and the extent of their involvement in social life. We shall study the influence of living conditions on the state of these relations and compare them with the expectations of the scheme. Finally, we shall analyse the behaviour of families in the light of the idea of gratitude, which lies at the core of the concepts of solidarity, sociability and responsibility. Various social problems cause the withdrawal of the individual into the family cell and distancing from his or her neighbours. The parenthood support schemes offer a typical and ideal behavioural model, regardless of the families' living conditions.
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Martine Sas - Barondeau. La face cachée de la parentalité : une approche sociologique de l'accompagnement de la fonction parentale. Sociologie. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0124⟩. ⟨tel-01749222⟩

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