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Etude par dynamique moléculaire de la structure atomique et de la compressibilité isotherme de métaux liquides. Calcul de la diffusion et de la viscosité de soudures sans plomb par le formalisme de Green-Kubo

Abstract : The physical and thermodynamical properties of liquid metals depend on the electronic structure. The ionic structure is described either by the pair correlation function in real space or by the structure factor in reciprocal space which is directly accessible by neutrons or X rays diffraction measurements. Pseudopotential formalism allows us to construct an ionic effective potential. It is used in Molecular Dynamics simulation to study the static properties like the atomic structure and the dynamic ones like diffusion and viscosity. These calculations have been done for liquid tin, for noble metals and for theirs alloys forming lead-free solders. We first describe in chapter I the different properties of liquid metals. In chapter II we present the pseudopotential formalism and the Molecular Dynamics method. In chapter III we first test different pseudopotentials on liquid tin and we prove that the Shaw local model potential is the only one able to describe adequately the atomic structure. Then we used it to determine the diffusion coefficient from the velocity autocorrelation function and from its Fourier transform: the spectral density. Finally, we calculated, for the first time to our knowledge, the shear viscosity of liquid tin with Green-Kubo formula by integrating the stress autocorrelation function. It is also particularly difficult to describe correctly liquid noble metals with pseudopotentials since their density of states is influenced by their d band. To overcome this difficulty we associate the concept of effective valence (determined theoretically) to the Shaw local potential. The calculated structure factors as function of temperature are in a very good agreement with the experimental ones. The adequacy of the choice of our pseudopotential is confirmed by the results of diffusion coefficients and shear viscosities. The properties of pure metals and alloys (lead free solders) as function of temperature are in good agreement with experimental values proving that the Shaw local pseudopotential is transferable to alloys. This confirms our initial choice of pseudopotential and effective valence. Having a good knowledge of diffusion and viscosity is very important from an industrial point of view. Indeed, we need understanding technological problems linked to the wetting of a solder on a substrate and to the formation of intermetallics between the solder and the substrate
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Mohamed Mouas. Etude par dynamique moléculaire de la structure atomique et de la compressibilité isotherme de métaux liquides. Calcul de la diffusion et de la viscosité de soudures sans plomb par le formalisme de Green-Kubo. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0057⟩. ⟨tel-01749228⟩

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