Synthèse et caractérisation de films minces d'oxydes pour le développement d'un système électrochrome "tout céramique"

Abstract : Electrochromic systems are currently attracting increasing interest because they allow control of optical properties in the visible and near infrared. In a previous study, NaSICon (Na+ Super Ionic Conductor) electrolytes were synthesized as thin films by physical vapour deposition. It is therefore possible to develop an "all-ceramic" electrochromic system with sodium movement synthesized by magnetron sputtering. This work focuses on two resaerch areas:The first part concerns the development of the device's counter electrode. Thin films were synthesized in the Na-W-O system by sputtering Na2WO4 targets. Adjustment of the work pressure allows the control of the Na/W ratio. Indeed, it is possible to synthesize nanocrystallized films of NaxWO3+delta with x<1. Electrochemical characterizations by voltamperometry showed the possibility to insert reversibly sodium. It is possible to use these compounds as electrochromic layer, and to use thick films of WO3 as counter electrode. The second part is the study of transparent conductive electrodes of aluminium doped zinc oxide (ZnO : Al). Strong variations of electronic conduction were observed. The most resistive films show on one hand an increase of the parameter c of the cell, and also a low mobility of charge carriers (optical measurements) consistent with the presence of zinc vacancies and oxygen over-stoichiometry. In addition the electronic structure of films, probed by XANES spectroscopy, shows the existence of two different coordinations of the aluminum atoms with oxygen. These observations suggest deterioration in the conductivity by the formation of a homologous structure (ZnO) mAl2O3
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Maud Jullien. Synthèse et caractérisation de films minces d'oxydes pour le développement d'un système électrochrome "tout céramique". Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL069N⟩. ⟨tel-01749258⟩

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