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Contribution à l'Etude d'un Onduleur Haute Température à base de JFET en carbure de silicium

Abstract : The aircraft must become more electric in order to be greener. But in this transition to the more electric aircraft, some actuators and their associated electronics are facing a technological barrier related to the high temperature (200°C). In this context, this thesis presents works that contributes to raising the technological barrier. We showed that the power electronic converter, called inverter, was designed to meet our needs with the more reliable and mature component, the silicon carbide (or SiC) JFET with two-channel manufactured by SICED INFINEON. To better understand the way to work of the SiC JFET with two channels and subsequently validate its model, we performed electrical characterization of its static and dynamic behavior on a wide temperature range from -40°C to +180°C. We showed and described precisely, especially at 27°C, the phases of JFET switching; we highlighted the important role of capacitive coupling (Cgd, Cds et Cgs). A model representing its static and dynamic behavior was presented and validated at 27°C. We then minimized the effects of the Drain-to-Gate Interaction DGI due to Cgd concerning the JFET operating in freewheeling mode (punch-through phenomenon at turn-on and a risk of a leg short-circuit at turn-off have to be considered). To do this, we studied and compared three specific gate circuits, and we showed the role of the gate impedance (RG, lG) to minimize the DGI and optimize the specific gate circuits. Finally, we presented the issue related to the stability of the DC bus at high temperature (200°C) and high voltage (540V). A simple and effectiveness solution of stabilizing the DC bus was presented
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01749260
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Olivier Berry. Contribution à l'Etude d'un Onduleur Haute Température à base de JFET en carbure de silicium. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0125⟩. ⟨tel-01749260⟩

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