Alternatives de rupture d'une émulsion cationique par hétérofloculation ou par changement de pH

Abstract : Two cationic model emulsions are contacted with a solid having a negative-charged surface and with a caustic soda solution. In one hand, emulsions stabilized by a quaternary ammonium are contacted with Fontainebleau sandstone, as a consequence, a viscosity reduction of the remaining emulsion is observed, as well as the emulsion break-up through a heteroflocculation mechanism provided the solid surface is large enough. Results show that the dispersed oil fraction decreases after addition of sandstone aliquots, and this depends on the concentration of surfactant in the continuous phase of the emulsion. As the droplet size and distribution remain constant during the process, it is assumed that the emulsion heteroflocculation is the result of direct oil droplets adhesion on the sand surface, followed by their coalescence around the sand particles. On the other hand, when an alkali solution is added to a model cationic oil-in-water emulsion, chemical equilibrium is rapidly affected. The effective droplets volume decreases and rheological behavior which firstly exhibits a shear-thinning behavior becomes gradually Newtonian. The abrupt emulsion destabilization by pH increase is the result of droplets coalescence as a consequence of electrostatic repulsions disappearance among droplets. The surfactant adsorption at the liquid-liquid interface changes, the optimal formulation is reached and emulsion becomes unstable. After all, the emulsion morphology, stability and even emulsion inversion are all controlled by pH. Emulsion destabilization can be studied by a rheological monitoring process but it is hardly recommended keep in mind all physicochemical phenomena if this method is not strictly controlled
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Ronald Alfonso Mercado Ojeda. Alternatives de rupture d'une émulsion cationique par hétérofloculation ou par changement de pH. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0211⟩. ⟨tel-01749263⟩

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