Fuel cells modelling for power electronic application

Abstract : This work is an effort to create a more proper model for electrical engineers. The resultant model should be able to incorporate with power electronic circuits and give more insight information than the empirical circuit models. The mechanic of the fuel cell has been studied. The analogies of cell mechanics to electrical circuits were used in this work. We introduced the principle of energy port to our model. This guaranties the proper analogy between two different engineering domains. The requirement of the low computational cost suggested us to limit the model to only one dimension. We first developed a model of gas tubes and channels for multi-species systems, then, proceeded to the gas diffusion layers, the catalysts and the membrane. At this level we obtained a new equivalent circuit model of the single cell system. For the n-cell stack model, the simplest way which can be found in most literature is to multiply the single cell output voltage by n. However, we chose to develop the real 3-cell stack model, i.e., there was 3 independent cells in the system and the effect of common channels between each cell was incorporated. We decided to implement the model in Matlab/Simulink because it is common to most electrical engineers. The simulation results showed that the model is working weil. The internaI phenomena of the cell at the specified condition were illustrated. The cell output voltage from the model is weil agreed with the experimental result. The effect of the channel network between each cell in the stack had been explored. Although the expected result was obtained, we noticed that the channel network effect to the 3-cell stack operation was very small. This is because the channel parameters that we gave to the model are from the real cell structure, which is weil designed. Nevertheless, this effect should be more observable in a stack system which has higher cell number. To prove that the model can fulfill the ultimate thesis goal, the 3-cell stack model was connected to boost converter. We found that the simulation can be done without problem. The interaction between the fuel cell and the converter circuit is revealed; the objective of the thesis is accomplished
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Wattana Kaewmanee. Fuel cells modelling for power electronic application. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0087⟩. ⟨tel-01749283⟩

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