Organisation spatiale et vie rurale sur le Piémont du Haut Atlas Occidental : cas des vallées d'Imintanoute, Province de Chichaoua (Maroc)

Abstract : Imintanoute valleys constitute an example of mountain valleys in Western Atlas undergoing severe crisis. Long considered a "place of refuge" by its inhabitants, the Imintanoute area - with its three aspects: mountain, piedmont and plain - now appears as a major "expulsion zone". Even though agriculture has diversified to some extent - based in the irrigated zones (bled targa) at the bottom of valleys and on the rainfed barley crops of the bled bour* (rainfed agricultural area), together with breeding and diversified fruit tree crops (almond and olive trees) as a source of complementary income for farmers - obvious signs of crisis appear today. Subsistence agriculture suffers from persistent draughts, lack of irrigation, a very low average yield rate per hectare, the gradual degradation of fruit tree crops and the decline of breeding. The traditional community and the area of Imintanoute have undergone profound changes. Most of the old irrigation systems (naoura and sania) have been abandoned or replaced by power pumps. That modern technology has transformed the landscape of the bled targa and possibly even of the bled bour*. All villages without exception are affected by emigration. Many young people are driven out from their douars by poverty. Today, new social, economic, cultural and political structures have changed the behaviours and the ways of life of the populations. In view of those changes, hope rests on the new motorway from Marrakech to Agadir and on still other projects to redynamize the economy and thus improve the quality of life of the Aït Imintanoute.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/DDOC_T_2012_0289_ANJAR.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01749287
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:11:50 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 16, 2018 - 10:40:57 AM

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Lahsen Anjar. Organisation spatiale et vie rurale sur le Piémont du Haut Atlas Occidental : cas des vallées d'Imintanoute, Province de Chichaoua (Maroc). Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0289⟩. ⟨tel-01749287⟩

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