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Régulation génétique de la pression artérielle - Une approche de génomique moléculaire relevant l'implication de l'inflammation de faible niveau

Abstract : Essential hypertension is a polygenic trait. Discovered genetic variants were shown to have small effects, consequently explaining a tiny fraction (1%) of its phenotypic variation and resulting to a missing heritability. The missing heritability could be explained by gene-gene, gene-environment interactions and DNA methylation. Once conducted, these approaches should be further complemented by transcriptomic analyses, and thereby to reveal the involved molecular pathways. Therefore, we have shown that rs6046G>A in F7 interacted with rs5355C>T in SELE in order to influence systolic blood pressure levels. In the same direction, we have reported two other gene-gene interactions. We have also found the intergenic SNP rs7556897T>C, located between SLC19A3 and CCL20 locus, interacting with obesity in order to influence diastolic blood pressure. In parallel to those studies, we have shown that rs5030878T>C in FPR1 and KL-VS allele in Klotho may be implicated in BP regulation through their interaction with age and antihypertensive drugs respectively. We have also participated to the identification of a novel SNP, the rs2000999G>A explaining up to the half of haptoglobin?s heritablilty, a protein currently under investigation for its antihypertensive role. Finally, we proposed a new category of functional genetic-epigenetic biomarkers, the eMethSNPs. In conclusion, the identified 'functional' interactions show that low-level inflammation is involved in blood pressure regulation
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Said El Shamieh. Régulation génétique de la pression artérielle - Une approche de génomique moléculaire relevant l'implication de l'inflammation de faible niveau. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0104⟩. ⟨tel-01749296⟩

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