Études cinétiques de procédés d'expansion de cellules souches mésenchymateuses cultivées sur microporteurs en systèmes agités

Abstract : The extensive use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in tissue engineering increases the necessity to improve the expansion performance. This work aimed at studying an efficient expansion process for porcine MSC in agitated mode. First, a culture medium was adapted to the multipotent porcine MSC. Then, various expansion modes and agitation conditions were evaluated with the cells fixed on microcarriers. Cultures on the Cytodex 1 microcarrier enabled to reach a specific growth rate of 0.54 d-1, which was higher than the one observed in static T-flasks (0.31 d-1), with the same culture conditions. In parallel, an innovative counting method was proposed for the automatic enumeration of cells cultivated on Cytodex 1, without passing by a trypsination step. Finally, the operating conditions of the expansion process were studied. Compared to a culture of MSC on non-agitated Cytodex 1 microcarriers, cell aggregation occurred and an apparent decrease in the cell concentration was observed at an agitation rate of 25 and 75 rpm. Moreover, the addition of microcarriers during a 300 h culture, performed in an agitated culture at 25 rpm and in a volume of 200 mL enabled to prolong the cell proliferation without any aggregation, while maintaining the multipotency of the cells. A cell concentration of 3 x 105 cells/mL was obtained, instead of the 1.2 x 105 cells/mL in static flasks with the same culture conditions. An efficient expansion process for porcine MSC under agitated conditions has therefore been proposed
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Caroline Ferrari. Études cinétiques de procédés d'expansion de cellules souches mésenchymateuses cultivées sur microporteurs en systèmes agités. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0117⟩. ⟨tel-01749310⟩

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