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La Galectine-3, médiateur des effets de l'aldostérone sur le remodelage cardiovasculaire

Abstract : Background. Aldosterone (Aldo) is involved in arterial stiffness and heart failure (HF), but the mechanisms have remained unclear. Galectin-3 (Gal-3), a beta-galactoside-binding lectin, plays an important role in fibrosis and HF. We here investigated whether Gal-3 is involved in Aldo-induced vascular fibrosis. Methods and Results. Rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were stimulated with Aldo combined with mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists and Gal-3 inhibitors. Aldo upregulated Gal-3 expression via MR in VSMCs. Moreover, Gal-3 over-expression specifically enhanced collagen type I synthesis. Gal-3 inhibitors or Gal-3 silencing (siRNA) blocked Aldo-induced collagen type I synthesis. Rats were treated with Aldo-salt combined with spironolactone or modified citrus pectin (MCP) for 3 weeks. Hypertensive Aldo-treated rats presented vascular hypertrophy, fibrosis and increased aortic Gal-3 expression. Spironolactone or MCP treatment reversed all the above effects. Wild type (WT) and Gal-3 knock-out (KO) mice were treated with Aldo for 6 hours. Aldo bolus increased aortic Gal-3 and collagen type I expression in WT mice whereas no changes occurred in Gal-3 KO mice. Conclusions. Our data indicate that Gal-3 is required for the fibrotic response to Aldo in VSMCs in vitro and in vivo, suggesting a key role for Gal-3 in vascular fibrosis
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Laurent Calvier. La Galectine-3, médiateur des effets de l'aldostérone sur le remodelage cardiovasculaire. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0122⟩. ⟨tel-01749321⟩

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