Metz et ses rivières à la fin du Moyen-Âge

Abstract : The history of Metz in the Middle Ages is closely linked to the rivers that run through it. The first part focuses on the close relationship between the city, the Moselle river and the Seille river, which are tightly entwined. The town is first portrayed in relation to its fluvial environment. Its development is reconsidered in the light of its interactions with the river dynamics. The various and intensive forms of exploitation of the river environment which provides resources are then tackled. Many changes are made to the watercourse and the banks of the rivers, which in turns transforms the local landscape. Through extreme phenomena such as floods or debacles, rivers are however a cause for vulnerability for the city. The anthropic actions and alterations are not just the adaptation of society to these phenomena, they can also be seen as aggravating factors. The second part explores the stakes, challenges and rivalries connected to the rivers control and management. They concern river crossing, inland navigation, fishing regulations, mills management or even the defence of the city. The way municipal power asserts itself, through political and legislative measures but also a growing involvement in river matters and conflicts, can be seen as a central issue. The third part discusses the relationship between the inhabitants and the rivers from a social and cultural point of view. A real river culture emerges, not only reserved to the nearby residents nor to trades such as fishermen or boatmen. The largest part of the population shares experience, perception and knowledge of rivers, expressed through literature, religion, symbolism or justice.
Document type :
Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/DDOC_T_2012_0329_FERBER.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01749327
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:13:00 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 10:13:20 AM

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Frédéric Ferber. Metz et ses rivières à la fin du Moyen-Âge. Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0329⟩. ⟨tel-01749327⟩

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