Physiology and technological aspects of Carnobacterium maltaromaticum LMA 28 in food biopreservation

Abstract : Carnobacterium maltaromaticum is a lactic acid bacterium isolated from atypical soft cheeses. The major characterstics of this bacterium are i) its ability to produce a malty or chocolate-like flavor 3-methylbutanal from leucine catabolism ii) its ability to produce bacteriocins against pathogenic and spoilage bacteria for instance, Listeria monocytogenes. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of six strains of C. maltaromaticum isolated from the same habitat showed that they were not phylogenetically identical. Although these strains lacked the ability to coagulate the milk quickly, they were acid tolerant. They did not affect the milk coagulation capacity of startes, Lactococcus lactis and Streptococcus thermophilus used in dairy industry. The study on the impact of C. maltaromaticum on the bacterial flora of cheese showed that its presence resulted in the decrease of the concentration of Psychrobacter, which might be responsible for accelerating the aging phenomenon of cheese. An experimental plan was realized to highlight these inhibitions and possible interactions between factors (cell concentration, NaCl, pH, incubation time) by choosing two models i) Psychrobacter sp. and ii) L. monocytogenes. The cell concentration of C. maltaromatiucm was the factor more significant for the inhibitions of the tested bacteria. Being psychrotrophic, alkalinophilic, malty or chocolate flavor producing and biopreservative agent, this species could play a role as a ripening flora of cheese. All strains of C. maltaromaticum tested were able to produce 3-methylbutanal conferring any malt flavor to cheese. The results on the physiology involved in the biosynthesis of 3-methylbutanal showed the presence and functionality of both metabolic pathways; the direct by alpha-ketoacid dacarboxylase enzyme and indirect comprising alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase enzyme. The oxygenation of culture medium had a positif impact on the formation of 3-methylbutanal and 3-methylbutanol with the stimulation of both direct and indirect metabolic routes
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Muhammad Inam Afzal. Physiology and technological aspects of Carnobacterium maltaromaticum LMA 28 in food biopreservation. Food and Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0174⟩. ⟨tel-01749410⟩

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