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L'ontologie de la conscience dans l'oeuvre de Henri Ey

Abstract : In 1963, the year he wrote « La Conscience », Henri Ey was reconciled with a forgotten philosophical tradition, bringing back psychology into the realm of philosophy. The link between philosophy and psychology is explained in that one cannot account for mental life without at the same time reflecting on the meaning of being. In doing this, Henri Ey was going against the mainstream of intellectual life at his time. Dominant thinking at the time was suspicious of the philosophical tradition which extolled the existence of a Subject. Anthropology replaced ontology. The Subject was, in the spinozistic tradition, an illusion. Questioning the Subject means the end of psychiatry. Mental illness only exists in asserting that it is impossible for a Subject to master his world. It tells of the destructuring of the field of consciousness. Mental illness is characterized by the dissolution of e Subject in a world he can no longer support. How did we reach the point where madness could mean something other than misconstruing man? Henri Ey's works reflect this drift. The drift is mot the deed of wrong interpretations which might be linked ti historical mental paradigms. It is more cunning, it is the deed of a natural mental attitude. It originates in the way man thinks. Human thinking naturally organizes its objects in a logical framework which is that the principle of contradiction. Binary logic divides, separates and opposes things. It allows abstractions and most of all presupposes that logical organization copy the organization of life. The abstraction towards which the logic of duality leads thinking is the foundation of all metaphysics. For Henri Ey, it was absolutely necessary to finish with the metaphysical approach allowed by binary logic when studying the constitution of human existence. He put forward a new approach to mental life describing mental life according a non-binary logic. He thus developed a new social science in terms of open system. This approach makes it possible to flesh out man in the world and make him the true Subject of his world. It is in terms of becoming that we need ti think the field where man can fleshed out his field of consciousness. Consciousness is becoming, it is not reduced to actualized becoming. Henri Ey, by challenging the logical assumptions which stop the understanding of consciousness, put the Subject back his place. "Becoming conscious" made it possible to link ontology (the condition of consciousness) and anthropology (the actualization of consciousness in the world). Mental life is the actualization of consciousness at a given time.
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Philippe Prats. L'ontologie de la conscience dans l'oeuvre de Henri Ey. Philosophie. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0357⟩. ⟨tel-01749424⟩



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