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Contribution à l'étude de la stabilité des systèmes électriques distributés autour d'un bus commun d'alimentation

Abstract : Stability is the first and very important factor in all modes of operation for a Distributed Power System (DPS). In DPS, loads are connected to the DC-bus through an input LC filter. Most of the loads in DPS of aircraft present a constant power load characteristic within a domain of operation in which they are tightly controlled. So they can be modeled as negative resistance. Change of the load in one subsystem may lead a stable system into instability. A practical solution to decrease the risk of instability presented in this thesis which consists in modifying the control of the converters or inverter-motor drive system connected to the DC-bus. This solution permits to stabilize the system even with a smaller size of capacitor. In the first part of the thesis, a linear method is presented which allows investigating local stability of an inverter-motor-drive system connected to the grid through an LC filter and a rectifier. An oscillation compensation technique is used to improve the stability margin of the system and the size of the dc-link capacitance without modifying structure of the torque or current loops. This technique consists in superposing a stabilizing power on the absorbed power by the drive. Although linear models can be successfully employed to locally describe the behavior of a physical system, they often fail to provide a satisfactory large signal characterization. In the second part, two methods for the large signal stabilization of the electrical system are presented. In the last part, a new method, based on dynamic specifications, is proposed to study the stability of a cascaded electric system
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Ahmed-Bilal Awan. Contribution à l'étude de la stabilité des systèmes électriques distributés autour d'un bus commun d'alimentation. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL099N⟩. ⟨tel-01749453⟩



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