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Dissolution du phénanthrène dans des milieux aqueux en présence de tensioactifs et biodégradation par Pseudomonas putida dans un milieu de fermentation modèle

Abstract : Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are persistent pollutants widely represented in ecosystems all over the world. The utilization of microorganisms for degradation of PAHs is an economically effective method having a great potential. The aim of the present work was to study the dissolution and the biodegradation of phenanthrene (model PAH) in the presence of surfactants. The chosen microorganisms were Pseudomonas putida DSMZ 8368 and a microbial consortium Pyr01.The first part of the thesis concerns the study of the effect of surfactants, dispersion and a thermal treatment on solubility and biodegradation of phenanthrene by P. putida DSMZ 8368. The best results were obtained by combining the use of Brij 30 surfactant with a preliminary thermal treatment. The second part presents results on the degradation of phenanthrene by Pyr01 consortium. The comparison between the biodegradation of phenanthrene by P. putida DSMZ 8368 and by Pyr01 consortium was done. Contrary to what has been observed in the case of the biodegradation by P. putida DSMZ 8368, the presence of Brij 30 (0.5 g L-1) had a negative effect on the biodegradation of phenanthrene by Pyr01 consortium. The third part of this work consisted in the study of phenanthrene solubilisation at cloud point of Brij 30. The effect of lowering the temperature to that of the culture conditions for P. putida DSMZ 8368 on the solubilization of phenanthrene was also studied.
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Tatiana Pantsyrnaya. Dissolution du phénanthrène dans des milieux aqueux en présence de tensioactifs et biodégradation par Pseudomonas putida dans un milieu de fermentation modèle. Alimentation et Nutrition. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL077N⟩. ⟨tel-01749528⟩

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