Synthèse de formaldéhyde par oxydation directe du méthane en microréacteur

Abstract : Formaldehyde is one of the world's top organic intermediate chemicals. It is currently produced by a complex three-step process but a one-step process might require less energy. In this work, the direct gas phase partial oxidation of methane to formaldehyde has been studied through experiments and kinetic modeling. As formaldehyde is an intermediate in the sequential oxidation of methane, short residence times (<100 ms) have been considered in order to optimize its production. Thus, a quartz annular flow microreactor (annular space 0.5 mm wide), was chosen. The undertaken experiments consist of a systematic investigation of the effects of temperature (600-1000°C), residence time (20-80 ms), input composition XO2/XCH4 (0.5-15) and initial NO2 concentration (0-0.6%). Without NO2, the HCHO selectivity decreases with the increasing methane conversion. For a single pass operation, the best HCHO yield is 2.4% (950°C, 60 ms, XO2/XCH4 = 8). The addition of NO2 decreases the reaction initiation temperature by 300°C and it remarkably enhances the HCHO yield. The highest HCHO yield attains 9% (700°C, 30 ms, XO2/XCH4 =7) in the presence of NO2 (0.5%). For the reaction without NO2, the mechanism Gri-Mech 3.0 fits well the experimental results. For the reaction with NO2, by using the mechanism of Zalc et al. (2006) with some modifications, we obtained a good agreement between the experimental data and the model. The production and consumption flux analysis shows that the inter-conversion between NO2 and NO plays an important role in the reaction, because it continuously produces the reactive radicals OH and it converts the radicals CH3 and CH3O2 to radicals CH3O
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Jie Zhang. Synthèse de formaldéhyde par oxydation directe du méthane en microréacteur. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL060N⟩. ⟨tel-01749535⟩

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