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La réception de Shakespeare en Allemagne de 1815 à 1850 : propagation et assimilation de la référence étrangère

Abstract : The reception of Shakespeare in Germany between 1815 and 1850 has, until recently, attracted little sustained critical attention. Modern research on the poet-playwright's 19th century reception has thus far focused principally on its aesthetic and literary aspects before 1830. The present study aims to shed new ligth on the coexistence of several Shakespeares during the Vormärz period, i. e. before the institutionalized German discourse on the Shakespeare - supported mainly by the newly founded Deutsche Shakespeare-Gesellschaft (1864) - determined the ways he entered German national consciousness. Between 1815 and 1850 debates on the dramatist continued to have a bearing on the fashioning of German national theatre and appearance of a "second" Shakespeare on the scene. But because of the political, and cultural divisions which characterize te Vormärz period, the traditional aesthetical discussions inherited from the 18th century were enriched with a new, more political dimension : the Vormärz saw Shakespeare's promotion from a literary authority to a more moral and ethical one that his supporters could use in the working out of a German national identity. The rising numbers of editions of his complete works, his presence in literary journals, almanacs, "galleries", anthologies of the time alongside the publication of the first critical monographs devoted entirely to his life and works attest the astonishing breadth of this cultural transfer. Moreover, hey offer an instructive view on the 19th century field of cultural production. The newly acquired familiarity of the wider German public with Shakespeare through written and visual media thus paved the way for his "appropriation" and his elevation to the rank of "third german classical author" during the second half of the 19 th century and the first half of the 20 th century
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Christine Roger. La réception de Shakespeare en Allemagne de 1815 à 1850 : propagation et assimilation de la référence étrangère. Littératures. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2003. Français. ⟨NNT : 2003METZ019L⟩. ⟨tel-01749553⟩

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