Caractérisation des cellules souches mésenchymateuses du sang placentaire et de la gelée de Wharton

Abstract : Stem cells are the hopes for cell therapy and tissue engineering. MSCs from fetal tissue (umbilical cord blood and WJ), which are a source of embryonic epiblast grow relatively faster comparing to other adult sources. The culture condition can affect cell behavior. In our study, we explored the effect of oxygen concentration on the expansion, immunophenotyping, and differentiation of these cells. The aim of this work is to identify the optimal method for isolation of MSCs derived from fetal tissue. Given the low rate of success in the isolation of MSCs from cord blood, we headed to WJ-MSCs. We have determined in siu, the specific markers expressed in the WJ and in the perivascular region. Studies on the morphology growth kinetics, and phenotypic expression of surface makers of MSCs isolated from WJ were made over a long period (7 passages) in different culture conditions. We have shown that WJ is composed of an abundant extracellular matrix rich in collagen and glycasominoglycans and have variable phenotype depending from their localization in the jelly. This tissue is able to provide a large amount of MSCs (6.7x105 Cs/cm of cord) that maintain a constant morphology. Finally, regardless of the passage, the oxygen concentration does not effect on the phenotype of the cells. In contrast, a low oxygen concentration during expansion appears to decrease the doubling time of MSCs, promote chondrogenesis and inhibit osteogenic differentiation. Finally, whatever the culture conditions, adipogenic differentiation of WJ-MSC seems difficult to obtain
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Talar Margossian. Caractérisation des cellules souches mésenchymateuses du sang placentaire et de la gelée de Wharton. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0030⟩. ⟨tel-01749561⟩

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