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Évolution des colles à panneaux bois extérieurs synthétiques (MUF), aux colles naturelles et soudage sans colles

Abstract : In this studied, wood based composites were assembled with the natural adhesive (tannin adhesive), the synthesis adhesive (MUF) and the welding wood without adhesive. These wood composites include particleboard, plywood and glulam. We focus on these works as follows: 1)Three different types of tannins (chestnut hydrolysable tannins, pine condensation tannins and mimosa condensation tannins) as thermosetting or cold-setting adhesive were studied to assemble particleboard, plywood and glulam for application to semi-exterior or exterior. 2)The characteristics of MUF resins for particleboard applications have been improved through a number of additives (nanoclay, hyperbranched polymer and glutaraldehyde), the powder adhesive of MUF was obtained by spray-drying technologies, and it could be prolonger the shelf-life of MUF adhesive. It also can be application to exterior after enhancing. 3)The blockboard for application exterior was assembling by welded dowels, two differents materials (sun flower oil and acetylated lignin) were used to improve the water resistance. These physical, chemical and mechanical properties of these assemblages was investigated by implementing some techniques such as thermomechanical analysis (TMA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), nuclear magnetic resonance (13C NMR), matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectroscometry (MALDI-TOF), and by manufacturing wood composites. Finally, the performances of these wood composites were apparent improved whether with the tannin adhesive, the MUF adhesive or the welding wood without adhesive, especially improved the water resistance of wood composites for exterior applications
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Xiaojian Zhou. Évolution des colles à panneaux bois extérieurs synthétiques (MUF), aux colles naturelles et soudage sans colles. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0035⟩. ⟨tel-01749567⟩

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