Histoire thermique et interactions fluides-roches dans l'Est du Bassin de Paris

Abstract : In the eastern Paris Basin, the succession of sedimentary rocks with variable hydro-thermo-mechanical properties leads to a compartmentalization of the system. Three aquifer units - the Middle and Upper Jurassic limestones and the Lower Triassic sandstones - are apart from each other by very low-permeable evaporites and clay-rich successions, among which the Callovian-Oxfordian claystones currently investigated by the French national radioactive waste management agency (Andra). This PhD thesis deals with the thermal history reconstruction and the fluid-rock interactions in the Mesozoic series through a multidisciplinary approach. In the first part of the manuscript, the P-T evolution of the Mesozoic series is documented based on thermal indicators (vitrinite reflectance, biomarker isomerization, fluid inclusions) and numerical modeling. In the second part, major and trace element concentrations (including REE) and isotopic compositions (d18O, d13C and 87Sr/86Sr) of authigenic minerals and fluid inclusions were used to estimate the origin of paleo-fluids and their evolution through water-rock interactions. In the Lower Triassic sandstones, K-Ar dating of authigenic illite documents two periods of crystallization at 179.4 ± 0.8 Ma and 149.4 ± 0.3 Ma
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Thomas Blaise. Histoire thermique et interactions fluides-roches dans l'Est du Bassin de Paris. Sciences de la Terre. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0238⟩. ⟨tel-01749630⟩

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