Étude des interactions protéine-protéine entre le complexe de Survie des MotoNeurones (SMN) et les facteurs d'assemblage des RNP à boîtes C/D et H/ACA

Abstract : Box C/D and H/ACA ribonucleoparticles (RNPs) are required for UsnRNA and ribosomal RNA maturation. Their assembly in cells is a complex process, which implicates numerous cellular factors, such as NUFIP, a common assembly factor, and NAF1, which is a specific factor for H/ACA box RNP assembly. The Survival of Motoneurons (SMN) complex is essential for cell survival and is required for the assembly of another class of RNPs, the UsnRNPs, which are essential components of the splicing machinery. Decreased levels of the SMN protein lead to a severe disease, the spinal muscular atrophy. Several studies led to the proposal that the SMN complex also plays a role in the assembly of box C/D and H/ACA RNPs. In order to obtain more information, we analyzed whether some interactions may exist between components of the SMN complex and i) core proteins of mature RNPs, or ii) factors already known to be involved in the assembly. Using a yeast two-hybrid approach, we observed strong interactions between NAF1 and the SMN complex components, Gemin3 and Gemin8. Since the core H/ACA protein GAR1 interacts with the SMN protein, our data suggest that the SMN complex participates to the exchange of NAF1 by GAR1, which is a crucial step of H/ACA box RNP biogenesis. Furthermore, we discovered strong interactions between Gemin3/NUFIP, Gemin4/NUFIP and Gemin6/NUFIP. Concerning the Gemin6/NUFIP interaction, we showed that is direct, that it exists in both compartments in mammalian cells and we defined domains of both proteins necessary for the interaction in collaboration with the E. Bertrand team (IGM Montpellier). These results open new perspectives concerning functional links between the SMN complex and NUFIP in box H/ACA and C/D RNP assembly, but also in U4 snRNP assembly and in the mechanism of localized translation
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Alexandra Huttin. Étude des interactions protéine-protéine entre le complexe de Survie des MotoNeurones (SMN) et les facteurs d'assemblage des RNP à boîtes C/D et H/ACA. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0250⟩. ⟨tel-01749635⟩

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