Caractérisation des fonctions codées par les éléments intégratifs conjugatifs (ICE) intégrés dans un gène codant un ARNt lysine chez Streptococcus agalactiae : rôle dans le maintien des ICE, l'adaptation et la virulence de l'hôte

Abstract : Horizontal gene transfer is a rapid mechanism of evolution. Integrative and conjugative elements (ICEs) are genomic islands which can transfer by conjugation to recipient bacteria. Streptococcus agalactiae is a human and animal opportunistic pathogen that is responsible for major health and economic problems. Studies revealed the presence of numerous ICEs in S. agalactiae, in particular at the 3' end of a tRNALys encoding gene. The functionality of the element present in strain S. agalactiae 515 was demonstrated and was thus chosen as a model for this study. This work focused on the characterization of adaptive and virulence functions encoded by ICE_515_tRNALys and their transfer to other species. Results indicated that this ICE confers adhesion properties to host, increases biofilm formation and may be involved in cell aggregation. A new protein belonging to the antigens I/II family is involved in fibronectin binding and contributes to the biofilm phenotype. In addition, a new co-hemolytic CAMP factor encoded by ICE_515_tRNALys, which could be involved in virulence and bacterial survival, was identified and characterized. These virulence factors are functional in other bacterial species. This work also revealed the prevalence and evolutionary dynamics of ICE belonging to the family of ICE_515_tRNALys and adaptive functions encoded by these elements in several species of streptococci. In conclusion, ICEs of the ICE_515_tRNALys family represent vectors of phenotypic features important for virulence and survival in streptococci
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Sarah Chuzeville. Caractérisation des fonctions codées par les éléments intégratifs conjugatifs (ICE) intégrés dans un gène codant un ARNt lysine chez Streptococcus agalactiae : rôle dans le maintien des ICE, l'adaptation et la virulence de l'hôte. Génomique, Transcriptomique et Protéomique [q-bio.GN]. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0261⟩. ⟨tel-01749643⟩

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