La free R Méthionine sulfoxyde réductase (fRMsr) de Neisseria meningitidis : Mécanisme, catalyse et spécificité structurale

Abstract : Methionine sulfoxide reductases (Msr) catalyze the specific reduction of methionine sulfoxides (Met-O) into methionine (Met). They are involved in cell defences against oxidative stress and virulence of pathogenic bacteria of Neisseria genius. This family of enzymes consists of three classes, MsrA and MsrB, structurally-unrelated, Specific for the S and the R epimer of the sulfoxide function of the substrate, respectively. A third class, recently discovered and called fRMsr, selectively reduce the free form of the R epimer of the sulfoxide function. The fRMsr belongs to the family of GAF domains, they are usually involved in cell signaling, and fRMsr represent the first GAF domain to show enzymatic activity. The studies of the Neisseria meningitidis fRMsr have shown that: 1) The Neisseria meningitidis fRMsr have a identical catalytic mechanism to MsrA and MsrB with the formation of at least one intramolecular disulfide bond, Cys84-Cys118 reduced by thioredoxin (Trx) ; 2) The Cys118 is demonstrated to be the catalytic Cys on which a sulfenic acid is formed ; 3) The Reductase step is the rate determining step of the mechanism leading to the formation of the disulfide bond Cys84-Cys118. The combination of the biochemical and kinetics data, and the examination of the 3D structure of the N. meningitidis fRMsr in complex with its substrate shown: 1) an oxyanion hole involved in the accommodation of the carboxylate group ; 2) the carboxylate group of the Asp143 residue involved in the catalysis of step reductase, and 3) The Glu125 residue involved in the recognition and/or positioning of the Met-O probably by the stabilization of the NH3+; 4) the Asp141 residue involved in the positioning of Asp143 and Glu125 residues ; 5) the indole ring of the Trp62 residue involved in stabilizing of the epsilon-methyl group
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Marouane Libiad. La free R Méthionine sulfoxyde réductase (fRMsr) de Neisseria meningitidis : Mécanisme, catalyse et spécificité structurale. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0335⟩. ⟨tel-01749661⟩

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