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L'archéologie à Metz : institutions, pratiques et résultats : des travaux de Johann Baptist Keune à l'archéologie préventive (1896-2008)

Abstract : Archaeological finds have contributed to the enrichment of the messin history since the mid-18th century. At this time, archaeology was a privilege of scholars and findings were merely incidental. Modern archaeology was born in Metz thanks to JB Keune, at the end of the 19th century, at the time of the first German Annexation. For a century there where personalities who marked the research in Metz, which developed as a result of spatial planning works. From a scientific point of view, this research took advantage of the advance of the German research during both First and Second Annexations. Therefore, the case of Metz may or may not have some particularities inherent to the national context. Messin archaeology relied regularly on societies whose members have contributed to the protection of cultural heritage. Metz Museums and their curators played a decisive role for the protection of archaeological remains and for the spreading of knowledge. For one century, analytical methods progressed and allowed historical data to become more accurate. In the 1980s, this evolution ended up in an emergence of an urban archaeology and in standardization of practices. Metz, and therefore its region, is one of the first French cities to adopt such a new policy
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Julien Trapp. L'archéologie à Metz : institutions, pratiques et résultats : des travaux de Johann Baptist Keune à l'archéologie préventive (1896-2008). Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0368⟩. ⟨tel-01749669⟩

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