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Vous avez dit "fiction" ? Analyse contextualiste du jugement de fictionalité et approche pragmatiste des oeuvres romanesques

Abstract : The goal of this thesis is to clarify the concept of "fiction" as it appears in its ordinary and technical uses, by making explicit its presuppositions and effects. First, we study several theories of fiction given by analytical philosophers, from Frege to Walton; these analyses lead to a mentalist definition in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions, as a prescribed attitude of make-believe, a characterization for which we appreciate the merits and limits. Then, against an essentialist approach, we offer a contextualist analysis of the judgment of fictionality, its patterns and motivations. So we introduce a semi-formal apparatus which articulates the seven rules of judgment, their meta-rules and standards that make variable our attributions of fictionality, depending on external ontological, epistemical and ethical issues. Finally, in order to avoid the risk of excessive relativism, we focus on the acts of invention which are at play in the genesis and reception of so-called works of fiction, especially, novels. A pragmatist approach, together with a ternary conceptual framework (Information, Interpretation, Invention) and a study of some literary theories of fiction, allow us to sketch coherent answers to central questions about these expressions coming from our imagination and human creativity.
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Marion Renauld. Vous avez dit "fiction" ? Analyse contextualiste du jugement de fictionalité et approche pragmatiste des oeuvres romanesques. Philosophie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0103⟩. ⟨tel-01749797⟩



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