Visions croisées franco-allemandes dans le contexte de la Grande guerre entre deux quotidiens : La Metzer Zeitung et L'Est Républicain

Abstract : This work is based on a comparative approach of two local newspapers, one French, L'Est Républicain, the other German, the Metzer Zeitung, both representatives of their own nation and situated in a particular region, the Lorraine, and in a particular historical context, the first World War.We show that the conflict remains for four years the main topic dealt with by the newspapers: more than 50% of their textual surface is devoted to it. However, information in France as in Germany is given under a strict military censure and is presented in a selective and a specific way in the press. But the conflict lets also place for the other news although they are all about war and its consequences. War becomes the daily life of the French and the German populations, they change their habits as the press changes the presentation of the papers and its speech.The war offers the opportunity to both dailies to throw actively into the battle insofar as they develop a policy of propaganda. A detailed analysis of L'Est Républicain and the Metzer Zeitung highlights how essential it is, in a situation of conflict, to carry negative images of the Other - the enemy, and positive images of Oneself - the nation, in order to justify the war for the populations and to maintain the national cohesion of a country in a spirit of 'united front'
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Stéphanie Dalbin. Visions croisées franco-allemandes dans le contexte de la Grande guerre entre deux quotidiens : La Metzer Zeitung et L'Est Républicain. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2003. Français. ⟨NNT : 2003METZ022L⟩. ⟨tel-01749806⟩

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