Extraction et protéolyse de napines de tourteau de colza : influence de l'état structural de la protéine sur la cinétique de protéolyse, la composition et les fonctionnalités des hydrolysats

Abstract : This work aims to study the process of enzymatic proteolysis "controlled" by the initial structural state of the substrate in order to assess its influence on the proteolysis kinetics as well as the physico-chemical properties and associated bioactivity of released peptides. For this study, rapeseed meal napins, known for its antimicrobial activity were used as a substrate. First, a selective extraction and purification process of napines were optimized by an appropriate experimental design. The extraction and purification process initially made at laboratory scale was easily scaled-up. We showed that the operating conditions of these processes would not damage the secondary and tertiary structure of the protein. Moreover, we confirmed an antimicrobial activity of the obtained napins on various microorganisms (Bacillus coagulans and Fusarium langsethiae). In a second step, the study on the influence of the parameters can have an effect on the structure of the protein was performed. The objectives were to see if it was possible to place the protein under conditions of pH and temperature for a progressive breakdown in function of time, and observe any impact on the kinetics of the proteolysis of napines extracted and the nature of the released peptides. The results showed that for a couple of pH / T given the "incubation duration" becomes a key factor for the denaturation of napines. This significantly influences the kinetics of proteolysis, the mechanism of action of the protease, and therefore, the composition of mixtures released. Subsequently, the influence of hydrolysates on the growth of antibody-producing animal cells grown in serum-free medium, and foaming and emulsifying capacity, were evaluated. The initial results showed a major influence of the structural state of the substrate (via the degree of hydrolysis achievable for each of the conditions studied) on such properties. Ultimately, these studies have highlighted not only the potential for increased value of napines rapeseed meal but also, and especially, a key parameter "to control" the process of enzymatic proteolysis for production directed peptides
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Claudia Nioi. Extraction et protéolyse de napines de tourteau de colza : influence de l'état structural de la protéine sur la cinétique de protéolyse, la composition et les fonctionnalités des hydrolysats. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0074⟩. ⟨tel-01749848⟩

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