Oligomérisation enzymatique de flavonoïdes et évaluation des activités biologiques des oligomères synthétisés

Abstract : Rutin and esculin have been polymerized by laccase. Five fractions with between 2127.42 and 8331.85 g/mol for oligorutins, and between 688.12 and 6973 g/mol for oligoesculins, were obtained. Fourier transformed infrared analysis showed that oligorutins were formed through C-C, C-O and C=O linkages, while oligoesculins were obtained through C-C linkages. Oligorutins and oligoesculins show a higher solubility in water and a lower solubility in ethanol compared to their monomers. The oligomerization of rutin decrease its antiradical capacity, while oligoesculin fractions demonstrated a high antiradical activity compared to monomeric esculin. Oligomer fractions showed a better iron chelating power, xanthine oxidase inhibition, copper reducing power (CUPRAC), antigenotoxic activity, and splenocytes stimulator activity compared to their monomers. Oligorutin and oligoesculin exhibited an important anti-inflammatory capacity through the nitric oxide inhibition. Moreover, oligorutin fractions demonstrated an immunostimulatory effect proportional to their degree of oligomerization, while oligoesculin fractions showed an immunostimulatory effect inversely proportional to their degree of oligomerization
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Ghada Ben Rhouma-Martin. Oligomérisation enzymatique de flavonoïdes et évaluation des activités biologiques des oligomères synthétisés. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0017⟩. ⟨tel-01749905⟩

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