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Étude "in vitro" du potentiel cancérogène d'organofluorés sur cellules embryonnaires de hamster Syrien (SHE)

Abstract : Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) is a collective name for fluorinated surfactants and polymers with the general structure CF3-(CF2)n-SO3- (sulfonates) or CF3-(CF2)n-1-CO2- .(acids). This group is characterized by a high persistence, bioaccumulation and long term toxicity which are rising environmental and public health concerns. In the present work, we analyzed the in vitro carcinogenic potential of the two major PFCs, perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), and their substitute, perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS). Cell transformation assays were carried out on Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells in a 7 day-treatment using the standard and the initiation-promotion protocols. Genotoxicity was tested using the comet assay. PFOS was not genotoxic on SHE cells, but it induced cell transformation at non cytotoxic concentrations 0,37 and 3,7 µM (p<=0,01). These concentrations coincided with serum PFOS concentrations measured in occupationally exposed workers. An increased expression of PPARs was registered after 7 days. The ppar-beta/gamma mRNA appeared to increase rapidly (24 hours after PFOS treatment) at concentrations closely related to cell transformation (p<=0,05). PFOA was inactive alone, but induced cell transformation of SHE cells pre-initiated with benzo(a)pyrene (BaP). Therefore PFOA was shown to act as a tumor promoter and a non genotoxic carcinogen at a large range of concentrations (3,7 x 10-4 à 37 µM). This range of concentrations covered seric concentrations in non-occupationally exposed and occupationally exposed populations. PFBS was negative alone and on BaP-pretreated SHE cells. For this reason, its use as a substitute for PFOS appears to be justified. To conclude, the cell transforming potenty of PFOS and PFOA denotes in vitro carcinogenic potential. Consequently, the hypothesis of their implication in human cancer recorded in occupationally exposed populations cannot be ruled out
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:34:35 PM
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Nelly Jacquet. Étude "in vitro" du potentiel cancérogène d'organofluorés sur cellules embryonnaires de hamster Syrien (SHE). Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0394⟩. ⟨tel-01749962⟩



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