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Gestion haut niveau et suivi en ligne de l'état de santé des batteries lithium-ion

Abstract : Lithium-ion batteries are considered nowadays as the optimal issue for the energy storage systems, it is mainly due to their high energy and power density. Their performances, lifetime, and reliability are related and depend on the operating conditions such as the temperature and requested current by the application. And in order to track the evolution of the ageing of the battery, the determination of its State-Of-Health -SOH- is a major function to consider. This thesis presents both methodologies and techniques developed for the management of the lifetime of lithium-ion battery, and more particularly the assessment of its state-of-health, based on its own main parameters which are the capacity and the ohmic resistance. This approach allows to switch from a static SOH (based on a predefined ageing model, which take into account the calendar and cycling ageing of the battery, according to some characteristics such as the temperature and the courant of the battery tracked in real time) to a dynamic SOH (self-adaptive) using an online assessment of the previous parameters according to the operating conditions. The first chapter is an overview about the lithium-ion technology: characteristics, performances, cell design, choice and nature of the electrodes... The operating principle with the general equations are also developed. The second chapter is a state of the art of the lifetime prediction methodologies with the different kinds of classification of models and prediction techniques. Then in the third chapter, we will discuss our methodologies and the developed techniques, such as the use of statistics, fuzzy logic and rules of ageing to assess a dynamic state of health of the battery, which not only does take into account the static SOH (calendar and cycling ageing), but also considers the evolution of the ohmic resistance and the capacity of the battery, depending on the time and the operating conditions. This allows taking into consideration unlikely phenomena. Finally, in the last chapter, we will expose obtained results from validation tests. These tests were done under a power electrical testbench and a rapid prototyping testbench with real cells
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Ali Zenati. Gestion haut niveau et suivi en ligne de l'état de santé des batteries lithium-ion. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0391⟩. ⟨tel-01750075⟩

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