Apport de l'analyse chromosomique sur différents microréseaux d'ADN dans l'identification de nouvelles mutations et la caractérisation de gènes candidats impliqués dans la déficience intellectuelle

Abstract : Chromosomal structural abnormalities and Intellectual Disability : In search of intellectual disability candidate genes by using pangenomic comparative genomic hybridization 180 K and high resolution comparative genomic hybridization 1M targeting intellectual disability candidate gene. High resolution microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (a-CGH) has been a powerful technical innovation in order to detect submicroscopic chromosomal aberrations related to copy number variations. By using a-CGH 180K, 1M high resolution a-CGH and quantitative PCR, we have identified 5 pathogenic intragenic copy number variations (CNVs) de novo : RUNX1T1, KIAA1468, FABP7, ZEB2 (Mowat-Wilson syndrome) and ANKRD11 (KBG syndrome). All five patients had intellectual disability (ID) and facial dysmorphism. Interestingly, a-CGH 180K has revealed a 92 kb deletion of a candidate gene KIAA1468 for West syndrome in a 3 year-old boy with severe ID and early infantile epileptic encephalopathy. Mutational screening for candidate gene KIAA1468 was performed in 35 patients with West syndrome. An intronic variant c.2761-7 T>C and a non synonymous maternally inherited variant c.3547 G>A with unknown clinical significance were identified. By using 1M high-resolution a-CGH approach in 45 patients presenting moderate to severe idiopathic ID, only one causal CNV was identified, a 28.37 kb intragenic ZEB2 deletion. Our study has confirmed the low frequency of intragenic deletion/duplication with the detection of only one chromosomal aberration (1/45). In conclusion, providing that the high frequency of intragenic point mutation, we also stressed the application of next-generation sequencing technology with 45-55% diagnostic yield in patients with idiopathic severe ID in case of no apparent CNV(s) on high-resolution a-CGH
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Minh Tuan Huynh. Apport de l'analyse chromosomique sur différents microréseaux d'ADN dans l'identification de nouvelles mutations et la caractérisation de gènes candidats impliqués dans la déficience intellectuelle. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0129⟩. ⟨tel-01750122⟩

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