Vectorisation de peptides et de fonctionnelles à visées thérapeutiques à travers des membranes biologiques

Abstract : The transfer of a lysine amino acid analog across phospholipid membrane models was investigated using molecular dynamics simulations. The evolution of the protonation state of this small peptide as a function of its position inside the membrane was studied by determining the local pKa by means of free energy calculations. Permeability and mean first time passage were evaluated and showed that the transferoccurs on the sub-ms time scale. Comparative studies were conducted to evaluate the changes in the local pKa arising from the differences in the phospholipid chemical structure. We compared hence the effect of the ether vs ester linkage of the lipid head group as well as the linear vs branched lipid tails. The study reveals that protonated lysine residues can be buried further inside ether lipid membrane than ester lipid membrane while branched lipids are found to stabilize less the charged form compared to their un-branched lipid chain counterparts. As a result, the permeability and the transfer rate across a membrane constituted by ether lipid was found to slower than in membranes constituted by esterified lipids. Finally, multidimensionnal free-energy surfaces for the transfer of the peptide in its both states, charged and neutral, were estimated. The coordination of the amine with the water molecules in its first hydration shell with the projection of the distance from the center of the membrane were used as reaction coordinates. New possibilities for the deprotonation reaction were found, the latter appearing closer to the headgroup region. This finding suggests that if the lysine analog were less coordinated by water molecule a deprotonation is possible in the headgroup region
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Daniel Bonhenry. Vectorisation de peptides et de fonctionnelles à visées thérapeutiques à travers des membranes biologiques. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0151⟩. ⟨tel-01750219⟩

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