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Development and improvement of the diagnostic imaging tools for the characterization of tumor masses of the musculosheletal system

Abstract : Medical imaging plays a major role in the identification, characterization and staging of tumor lesions of the musculoskeletal system. The vast majority of these neoplasms are benign and it is important to recognize and distinguish them from malignant lesions. Malignant lesions carry a worse prognosis and are usually treated aggressively. MRI is currently the method of choice for evaluating musculoskeletal tumors. Despite a high sensitivity for the detection of bone and soft tissue tumors, a large number of identified lesions remain indeterminate in origin after imaging work-up. In recent years, new functional imaging techniques, which allow tumor evaluation in a biochemical and cellular level, have emerged. These techniques such as perfusion, diffusion weighted imaging and MR spectroscopy, originally designed for the evaluation of brain tumors, began to be used for the evaluation of musculoskeletal neoplasms with promising preliminary results. Meanwhile, with the development of wide area-detector CT systems and contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) new ways of assessing tumor perfusion became available in clinical practice. Functional imaging nevertheless remains largely inaccessible outside research oriented imaging centers. The clinical application of these new methods is hindered by various factors, which include the great histological heterogeneity of musculoskeletal tumors and patient related technical difficulties. In this project, the diagnostic performance of several functional imaging methods in clinical practice was assessed. Additionally tools for image quality improvement and artifact reduction were tested. Finally, the diagnostic performance of different perfusion methods (ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) was compared
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Pedro Augusto Gondim Teixeira. Development and improvement of the diagnostic imaging tools for the characterization of tumor masses of the musculosheletal system. Human health and pathology. Université de Lorraine, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0178⟩. ⟨tel-01750355⟩



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