Les prétentions généalogiques à Athènes sous l'Empire romain

Abstract : Genealogical claims are a phenomenon as old as the hills, but modern historians very often tend to exclude them as a simple expression of pride without any grounds. Temptation is stronger under certain circumstances where the social, cultural or chronological hiatus is very important. We notice that the number of these claims increase considerably during certain transition periods, which is often seen a contrario like the illustration of the pride of homines noui without ancestors. I am proposing here to moderate this a priori by studying claims made by notable Athenians under the Roman Empire. The detailed prosopographic study of the family networks, to which these notables belonged, shows that what seems to be at first stance a trivial invention, is likely to uncover a long hidden reality. Generally speaking, this study intends to fully reconsider the phenomenon of the genealogical claims. The term includes multiple and extremely various findings which cannot be investigated in the same way, for example, the famous parvenus or the very old aristocratic families. It is also necessary to separate the claims from mythological ancestors and those from historical individuals, without contracting them. The influence of the Romans on the claims made in Athens at the time of their domination on the city appears clearly but it is advisable to check its real weight on a society with extremely old aristocratic history. The genealogical study will be conducted based on late prosopographical writings (Persons of Ancient Athens, Lexicon of Greek Personal Names) but will also include the full text corpus and inscriptions, some of witch only recently exavated.This study will highlight the fact that the Athenians had enough support to maintain a genealogical memory going a long way. In a certain number of cases, the reconstruction of detailed filiations even makes it possible to retrace precisely one path of the claim.
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Christian Settipani. Les prétentions généalogiques à Athènes sous l'Empire romain. Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0304⟩. ⟨tel-01750395⟩

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