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Ethnoécologie des Mitsogho du Gabon: Ethnobotanique et Ethnozoologie

Abstract : Our study focused on the sociocultural use of fauna and flora amongst the Mitsogho of Gabon. In other terms, it puts the man in relationship with his environment. It was about demonstrating the way of which the Mitsogho of Gabon conceive, conceptualize and activate their relationship with the visible and invisible world, notably plant and animal. The study showed the emerging of two approaches contrasted in relation to an hypothetical relationship between man and nature : the first approach being the so call "traditional", consider according to the "indigenous" theories (Claude Lévi-Strauss) and to the demonstration of Philippe Descola, that all creatures are part of a continuum of which the differentiated elements must maintain relations of conciliation and equitable exchange, where the human being is particularly defined as integral part of the biotopes and the ecosystems ; the second, the one of the industrialized societies, based on an explicit antagonism in the founding texts (the Genesis in the Christian tradition), of the so call "revealed" religion that positions the human beings as "masters" and "managers" of the creation. Such an attitude is the motor of all policies so call "sustainable development" or not. The perspective is diachronic and it aims to show what happens when two opposite ways of being, of thinking and of acting (MEPA) come into collision, in a context that we define globally as "colonial".
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Guy Serge Mogomba. Ethnoécologie des Mitsogho du Gabon: Ethnobotanique et Ethnozoologie. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0309⟩. ⟨tel-01750409⟩

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