L'influence des cultivars sur les proprietés fonctionnelles de la caroube Libanaise

Abstract : The carob plant is considered as one of the fruit and forester tree that has the greatest potential of valorization since all the parts of this plant can be used in several food and cosmetic applications. The carob is cultivated in several areas of lebanon but few studies are available on the ways of valorization and the functional and structural properties of the different fractions of this tree (seeds and pods). Thus, in view to develop a strategy aims to promote and contribute to a better valorization and management of this renewable resource, we undertook in this thesis of work devoted to the characterization and the evaluation of nutritive and functional properties of the carob pods resulting from several lebanese areas. This work focused particularly on the morphological and physicochemical characterization of the pods and the purified fraction of gum. These gums were the subject of a thorough study relating to their rheological behavior and the relation between this behavior, the variety and the geographical localization of the studied varieties. We also determined the isotherms of sorption of these gums to predict the ideal conditions of their conservation. The obtained results clearly showed the presence of the correlations between morphology, chemical composition and geographical localization of the different studied cultivars. In the same way, the structural and rheological studies showed significant differences between purified gums. This difference seems to be related to a variation of the galactose /mannose ratio and molar mass according to the varieties. These interesting rheological properties open the carob gums a new niches of valorization with added values. In addition, the studies of the isotherms of sorption provided additional information on their hygroscopicities and by consequence on the ideal conditions of their conservation
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Amira Haddarah. L'influence des cultivars sur les proprietés fonctionnelles de la caroube Libanaise. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0280⟩. ⟨tel-01750625⟩

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