Mise en oeuvre d'un système de reconstruction adaptif pour l'IRM 3D des organes en mouvement

Abstract : Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has two main features. The first one, its ability to manipulate contrast, is a major advantage compared to the other imaging modalities. It allows to access complementary information for a better detectability and a diagnostic more accurate. This is especially useful for myocardium pathologies. The second feature of MRI is also one of its main drawbacks: the acquisition process is slow. Therefore, patient motion is a significant obstacle because it disturbs the acquisition process, which leads to artifacts in the reconstructed image. Cardiac and thoracic imaging are particularly sensitive to this motion issue. The aim of this thesis is to develop a new motion correction method that can be integrated in a multi-contrast workflow. In a first phase, we studied apart the motion correction problem. To do so, we focused more particularly on the GRICS method which was already developed in the IADI laboratory. This method allows the joint reconstruction of an image free from artifact and a non-rigid motion model that describes the displacements occurring during the acquisition. The first major contribution of this thesis is an improvement of the GRICS method consisting mainly in adapting it to the 3D imaging. This was achieved with a new adaptive regularization method that perfectly suits the inverse problem posed in GRICS. The second major contribution of this thesis consists in the simultaneous management of the motion correction on multiple acquisitions with different contrasts. To do so, the MRI examination is considered as a whole. Thus we make the most of information shared between the different contrasts. All these methods have been applied and validated by simulations, tests on phantom, on healthy volunteers and on patients as part of clinical studies. We aimed more particularly at cardiac MR. Finally the developed methods improve the acquisition and reconstruction workflow in the framework of a real clinical routine
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Anne Menini. Mise en oeuvre d'un système de reconstruction adaptif pour l'IRM 3D des organes en mouvement. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0289⟩. ⟨tel-01750641⟩

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