Implications de la phosphatidylcholine phospholipase C, des transporteurs de dipeptides et de la cobalamine dans le processus inflammatoire. Application à l'étude de la mucoviscidose

Abstract : Background: Lung diseases such as asthma or cystic fibrosis are major public health problems. They are manifested by chronic inflammation with increased production of proinflammatory cytokines leading to respiratory failure. Current therapeutic is aimed at controling the inflammatory response and also at improving drug bioavailability. Objective: The objective is to explore the involvement of phospholipases in inflammation and the role of peptide transporters in the transport of antibiotics in cystic fibrosis. We also sought to understand the effect of cobalamin supplementation on the effectiveness of dexamethasone in an inflammatory context. Methods: immunological techniques, electrophoresis, cell culture, immunoprecipitation and gene expression are used on normal or cystic fibrosis human bronchial cell lines. Results : 1) PC-PLC is constitutively overactivated in cystic fibrosis cells and leads to overproduction of arachidonate, to overexpression of Cox-2 , an overproduction of PGE2 , an interleukin -8 overexpression , and to alteration of beta-adrenergic secretion. Inhibition of this enzyme by D609 corrects these defects. 2) The activity of the dipeptide carrier involved in the transport of antibiotics, PEPT2, was characterized in normal bronchial cells (Vm = 115 pmol/106 cells / min, Km = 15µM). This transporter is not affected by an inflammatory context. However, it was shown to be inactive in CF cells. 3) Cobalamin potentiates the effect of dexamethasone on the expression and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines induced by TNFa and histamine. Conclusions : This study should help 1) to highlight the importance of PC-PLC as a potential pharmacological target in cystic fibrosis. 2) to understand the relative ineffectiveness of antibiotics in this disease , and 3) to highlight a possible involvement of methionine cycle in the inflammatory process
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Soufian Bouazzi. Implications de la phosphatidylcholine phospholipase C, des transporteurs de dipeptides et de la cobalamine dans le processus inflammatoire. Application à l'étude de la mucoviscidose. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0317⟩. ⟨tel-01750658⟩

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