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Michel Leiris, la poésie et la mort : pensée de la mort, mort de la poésie ?

Abstract : In all his work, Michel Leiris apprehends poetry according to the obsessing thought of death, making this latter the driving force behind creative activity. It is in the attempt to define poetry much more than in the mere creation of it that Leiris sees a way of fighting this obsession. The thought of death thus involves a redefinition of poetry. The whole work of Leiris can be read as a metadiscourse treating of the poetic tool and tending to answer this single question : what is really poetry ? This search finally leads the author to consider poetry as a "sacred art". Like all forms of religions, poetry rests on the negation of death. Considering this, poetry may be described as religious, but this does not take into account the existence of God. Poetry is sacred in the sense given by Leiris ; through its practise, man can reach salvation : not by overcoming but by forgetting sovereign death. Thus, for Leiris, it is the darkness of death which helps clarify poetry.
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Jean-Sébastien Gallaire. Michel Leiris, la poésie et la mort : pensée de la mort, mort de la poésie ?. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 2005. Français. ⟨NNT : 2005NAN21006⟩. ⟨tel-01750854⟩



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