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L'arganeraie des haha : étude d'un système agraire en mutation (Haut-Atlas occidental, Maroc)

Abstract : The country of the Hahas corresponds to the land of the famous tribe from the Western Height-Atlas. From a physical point of view, it is a plateau. The region's natural conditions are difficult. However, in spite of socioeconomic and climatic ups and downs, the people, a forest, cattle and a few cultures remained. For the Hahas, the agricultural system is based on the barley, goats and the argan tree. As a xerofile and endemis species of the South-Western Moroccan, the agran tree is well suited to the arid climate of the region. Its ecological function is important. More importantly, this tree has numerous qualities that head the locals to use it in many ways. Its almonds are richein oil and fat from which the Berber women extract an oil famous for its cosmetic but also dietetic virtues. Moreover, itrs foliage is eatable. All this makes it a precious tree to the eyes of the local farmers. These peoples who have been exploiting this local resource for a very long time set up precise management practices which allow a long-term use of this resource. But the current population growth means increasing difficulties in applying the tradition al rules for a durable management because of the quality of its wood and the excellent charcoal it produces the agran tree been overexploited for years its supply the big cities. In order to cope with the threatening and the management of the forest and are still aim at preserving the forest first. The cutting of trees is their main technique of regeneration of the agran fields. But as the local production system strongly depends on the agran tree, the fact that this zones are forbidden may cause problem to the local farming economy. Despite the usufruct rules that were applied the forest services, the forest keeps beeing developed mainly a means of producing wood and not as a cultivated multi-productive. Dire to this organization hardly any room is left for development of the locals.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:58:17 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01750919, version 1


Hassan Faouzi. L'arganeraie des haha : étude d'un système agraire en mutation (Haut-Atlas occidental, Maroc). Géographie. Université Nancy 2, 2003. Français. ⟨NNT : 2003NAN21014⟩. ⟨tel-01750919⟩



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