Étude pré-clinique d'une série d'acides 4-hydroxybenzoïques comme inhibiteurs de désacétylases d'histones

Abstract : Lysine acetylation is a post-translational modification characterized by addition and removal acetyl group by histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs), respectively. This modification plays a crucial role in multiple cellular processes including gene expression, cell motility and metabolism. It is now well established that disruption of deacetylase activity, leading to a pathological acetylation profile, is associated to cancer development. Consequently, HDACs are considered as promising targets for anticancer therapy, which led to the development of novel HDAC inhibitors. However, discovery and synthesis of new molecules is essential to increase anticancer potential and decrease adverse health effects of already known compounds. We identified five 4-hydroxybenzoic acids as new HDAC inhibitors: three pan-HDAC inhibitors and two HDAC6-specific inhibitors. Pan-HDAC inhibitors induce acetylation of selected lysines within histones H3 and H4 in human chronic myeloid leukemia K-562 cells. Treatment of cells induces cell cycle arrest associated with increased cyclin expression and the transcriptional activation of p21. Finally, these pan-HDAC inhibitors induce apoptotic cell death further confirmed by the cleavage and activation of caspases. HDAC6-specific inhibitors induce hyperacetylation of [alpha]-tubulin in correlation with microtubule condensation in adherent prostate cancer cells (PC-3 and LNCaP cells). These compounds induce apoptotic cell death in K-562 cells accompanied by caspase cleavage and the activation of the pro-apoptotic protein BAX. Furthermore, these molecules alter the chaperon function of HSP90[alpha], which is observed through the robust decrease of the expression of its client proteins (i.e. Bcr-Abl and androgen receptor). Noteworthy, the five compounds did not affect healthy cell viability. Taken together these results revealed that 4-hydroxybenzoic acids are attractive molecules for the development of new compounds with promising anticancer properties
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Carole Seidel. Étude pré-clinique d'une série d'acides 4-hydroxybenzoïques comme inhibiteurs de désacétylases d'histones. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0131⟩. ⟨tel-01750969⟩

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