Étude par ARPES et STS des propriétés éléctroniques de réseaux métalliques et organiques nanostructurés

Abstract : In this work, through two different studies, we demonstrate the fundamental interest in the coupling of angle resolved photoemission (ARPES) and scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) to investigate the electronic properties of nanostructured interfaces. In the first part we present a methodology to determine the surface potential of the triangular reconstructed one monolayer of Ag/Cu(111) interface from ARPES. This method is based on the measurement of the Shockley state band structure’s gaps at the high symmetry points of the Brillouin zone. Deposition of potassium adatoms allows us to shift the surface state towards higher binding energies in order to increase the number of accessible gaps in photoemission. From the magnitude of these gaps we deduce the two first Fourier components of the potential felt by electrons using the nearly free electron model. Then we reconstruct it and calculate the local density of states in order to compare it with the conductance maps probed by STS. In the second part we report the study of the growth and the electronic properties of the two molecules 1,4-dibromobenzene (DBB) and 1,4-diiodobenzene (DIB) evaporated on Cu(110). For room temperature deposition, we first observe their deshalogenation and the formation of an intermediate organometallic phase. Then, above 200°C, the system polymerizes into a long-range ordered array of one dimensional poly(p-phenylene) polymer. ARPES intensity maps allowed us to identify a one dimensional graphene-like strongly dispersive pi-band below the Fermi energy. By STS we also observed LUMOs confined states for small chains over the Fermi level. The loss of confinement for long chains induces the formation of a continuous dispersive band which crosses the Fermi energy, conferring a 1D metallic character to the polymer. The HOMO-LUMO gap is found to be 1.15 eV
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Guillaume Vasseur. Étude par ARPES et STS des propriétés éléctroniques de réseaux métalliques et organiques nanostructurés. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0151⟩. ⟨tel-01751027⟩

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