Fractionnement par pervaporation de mélanges liquides hydro-organiques partiellement miscibles : mise en évidence du rôle de la structure cristalline des membranes denses sur leurs propriétés de transport

Abstract : We have studied the pervaporation properties of different liquid mixtures presenting a miscibility gap. Depending on inner polymer interactions, we defined an “ideal” and a particular bahaviour, and we chose to focus on one membrane of each category : Cellulose Acetate (AC) and Poly(vinyl Alcohol) (PVA), among those widely used in industry. We show that AC swells the same way in both phases in thermodynamic equilibrium, whereas PVA does not. Concentration polarization is the only mean to specifically modify one of the partial fluxes. PVA is a typical semicrystalline polymer, whose structure governs the proportions of the three possible states of soaked water. After a review of the properties ruled by the amount of crystallites in the polymer, we have build a qualitative model devoted to the permeation and swelling properties in two phases in a steady thermodynamic state. We then came to a quantitative model of the pervaporation process using PVA membranes. The result of this study is the fact that soacked water of an absorbent polymer defines its behavior when used as a membrane to pervaporate a hydro-organic mixture
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01751033
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Ruxandra Gref. Fractionnement par pervaporation de mélanges liquides hydro-organiques partiellement miscibles : mise en évidence du rôle de la structure cristalline des membranes denses sur leurs propriétés de transport. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 1991. Français. ⟨NNT : 1991INPL115N⟩. ⟨tel-01751033⟩

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