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Organisation de l'espace et vie rurale dans le bassin versant de l'oued Ouarzazate (Maroc)

Abstract : The basin of oued Ouarzazate is situated in the south of the Hight-Atlas chain. This area, for the most part arid and desert, is occupied by diverse origins populations. The latter are concentrated in the bottom of the mountainous valleis and in the oasis. The constraints of the natural environment had greatly influenced the economic and social organization of these populations, imposing in more particularly the agro-pastoralism, the development of irrigation's technics and of suitable farming, and a rigorous management of the social fellowship. Availabilities of arable lands and availabilities of water had thus, designed two original landscapes. Oasis where, arable lands being relatively stretch, the agriculture dominates but is practised on reduced and discontinuous perimeters, in terms of the availabilies of water. In these lands, technics of intensive farming are used, and the mains of water are collectively well-kept. An area of mountains where, the availabilies of water are relatively abundant, the arable lands are so reduced that breeding seems possible. The efforts some generations of pesants, and of a very important fellow ship had led to the creation of long bands of terraces hooked side the mountains, where an autosusistence agriculture is practised. The basin side of oued Ouazazate, like every other Maroccan open countries, is in full mutation. The emigration and opening up of the area on external world had involved changes in the population's behaviour. Now we attend the bursting of the traditional society and decomposition of the agro-pastoral equilibrium.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:04:35 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01751071, version 1


Abdelaziz Essaïd. Organisation de l'espace et vie rurale dans le bassin versant de l'oued Ouarzazate (Maroc). Géographie. Université Nancy 2, 2000. Français. ⟨NNT : 2000NAN21011⟩. ⟨tel-01751071⟩



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