Psychologie positive et EMDR : questions et perspectives

Abstract : EMDR is an integrative therapy founded in 1987 by Shapiro evaluated as efficient and fast on post traumatic stress. In 1995, she improved the therapy to achieve what she calls the Adaptive Information Processing, or AIP, later revised in 2001 and 2006. This theory posits that there is a map in the brain information processing system able to integrate new experiences to existing networks of memory. Since its inception, other diseases were treated with EMDR. Meanwhile, in 1998, Seligman gave birth to Positive Psychology. Instead of considering mental health as the reduction of neuropsychiatric disorders and help people move from - 5 to 0 on the scale of happiness, he proposed we help everyone go from 0 to +5 on a continuum of happiness. Combining these two perspectives raises a number of questions but also opens up exciting prospects. Three studies have focused on strengths of characters with a sample size of 60 subjects in the first case, 100 subjects in the second, and a case study with the objective of evaluating the value of integrating strengths with elements from EMDR in the third case. The following two studies have focused on the creation of a protocol for an optimism-based EMDR and study its potential. Our conclusions are that, more than ever, a rigorous theory is required (and is already at work in the context of positive psychology) and the scientific validation of assertions is crucial for the effectiveness of interventions combining positive psychology and EMDR
Mots-clés : Psychologie positive EMDR
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Martine Regourd - Laizeau. Psychologie positive et EMDR : questions et perspectives. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0340⟩. ⟨tel-01751200⟩

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