Étude phytochimique des extraits de deux Euphorbiaceae : Ricinus communis et Jatropha curcas. Évaluation de leur propriété anti-oxydante et de leur action inhibitrice sur l’activité de l'acétylcholinestérase

Abstract : The aim of this study is to promote two Euphorbiaceae plants the Ricinus communis and the Jatropha curcas, the first one is known for its oil used in the cosmetic products, whereas the second one is known especially for its seeds used in the production of biodiesel. For the castor plant, eight Tunisian populations are studied: Riadh Andalous, Nefza, Beja, Nabeul, Hammamet, Bouficha, Khanguet Hajej and Aouled Amer. For the jatropha, recently introduced in Tunisia, the plant material is collected from the Nabeul station (Tunisia). Eight populations coming from Arusha in Tanzania, Mozambique, Suriname and Brazil from regions of Paraná, Minas Norte, Mato Grosso, Regiao sudeste and Vale do Jequitinhonha are studied. In first, a bibliographic study is made. In second, the used materials and methods are cited. Fanilly, all the results are mentioned. The study shows that the phenolic compounds are higher in the leaves extracts than in the roots extracts for both species. The phytochemical study shows that the gentisic acid is the major phenolic compound identified in the castor plant extracts. In contrast, the epicatechin and the naringin are the most important phenolic compounds identified in the jatropha extracts. The GC-MS analysis reveals that the castor oil contains mainly the ricinoleic acid. For the jatropha oil, two major fatty acids are identified: the oleic and the linoleic acids. Results of the antioxidant properties of leaves and roots of both species indicate a positive correlation between the leaves and the roots activities and their contents of phenolic compounds. Furthermore, the anti-acetylcholinesterase activity of the tested extracts shows for the first time that some tested extracts are more active than the galantamine used as a positive control. Our study confirmed that, in addition to their oils, different extracts of the castor plant and the jatropha can be used for biological activities such as the scavenging free radicals and the inhibitory action of AChE enzyme, which is a major target for treatments against the Alzheimer's disease due to their high levels of phenolic compounds. Owing to the activities of the leaves and the roots extracts confirmed by this study, the agricultural exploitation of the castor plant and the jatropha can be economically more profitable
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [168 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01751291
Contributor : Thèses Ul <>
Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:15:11 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 10, 2018 - 1:26:58 AM

File

DDOC_T_2015_0006_GHNIMI.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01751291, version 1

Collections

Citation

Wafa Ghnimi. Étude phytochimique des extraits de deux Euphorbiaceae : Ricinus communis et Jatropha curcas. Évaluation de leur propriété anti-oxydante et de leur action inhibitrice sur l’activité de l'acétylcholinestérase. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0006⟩. ⟨tel-01751291⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

133

Files downloads

545