Synthesis and performance of nanocomposites based on ZnO for the photocatalytic treatment of water contaminated with endocrin disruptor compounds

Abstract : The present work concerns photodegradation of water contaminants using ZnO-based catalysts. The first step consisted in designing a new catalytic system by functionalizing ZnO with silver nanoparticles. Two methods were used: photodeposition and impregnation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on ZnO. The photocatalytic activity of the resulting catalyst towards the degradation of bisphenol-A, triclosan and rhodamine-B was studied. The effect of pH, photocatalyst and contaminant concentrations and wavelength, on bisphenol-A degradation was studied and the kinetic rate constant was determined. The optimization showed that a low silver content and an alkaline pH, during both functionalization of ZnO and photodegradation, maximized the kinetic rate constant of bisphenol-A degradation. A model also predicted that Ag/ZnO obtained by photodeposition showed higher photocatalytic activity that of Ag/ZnO obtained by impregnation.On the other hand, to overcome aggregation problems, Ag/ZnO were immobilized owing to their incorporation in a cross-linked poly(acrylic acid) matrix . The surface of Ag/ZnO was previously modified, using a silane coupling agentwhich allowed (i) dispersing and anchoring NPs on the polyacrylic matrix by formation ester bonds (ii) promoting crystallization of the polymer. The composites were successfully tested under UV light with an efficiency comparable to that of non-immobilized NPs. The immobilization provides additional advantages e.g. hindrance of catalyst photocorrosion and possible use of the composite in continuous mode
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Alma Berenice Jasso Salcedo. Synthesis and performance of nanocomposites based on ZnO for the photocatalytic treatment of water contaminated with endocrin disruptor compounds. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0297⟩. ⟨tel-01751487⟩

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