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Le droit sur la marque : un "véritable" droit de propriété ? La question de la nature juridique de la marque en droit comparé franco-polonais

Abstract : The subject of this thesis is to answer the question whether the right conferred by a trademark could be considered as propriety right. Therefore, this question – about the legal nature of a trademark – seems to be of a great practical importance: the answer to the question about the scope of protection resulting from trademark registration allows to determine the cases of trademark infringement and the cases where the use of a trademark is beyond the exclusivity of the trademark owner. First of all it must be pointed out that the qualification of right to trademark as property right may be questioned because of the functions of a trademark. The definitions of trademarks in different national laws prove that only a sign that fulfills the function of distinction could be considered as a trademark. Therefore, a trademark is not only a sign - it is a sign that is capable to distinguish specific goods (or services) on the market. This essential function of a trademark, also referred to as function of a guarantee of origin, constitutes a condition sine qua non for registration of a sign as trademark and of fulfilling the role of a trademark by this sign. The second argument challenges the qualification of trademark right as property because of the exclusivity on certain uses of the trademark. The idea is to know what should be the nature of use of a mark by a third person so this use may constitute a trademark infringement. Hence the conclusion, which seems to impose: not every use of the mark by a third person constitutes an infringement of trademark
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Anna Sokolowska. Le droit sur la marque : un "véritable" droit de propriété ? La question de la nature juridique de la marque en droit comparé franco-polonais. Droit. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0343⟩. ⟨tel-01751626⟩

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