Le traitement des incidents de compétence dans l'arbitrage commercial international : étude comparée du droit français et du droit anglais

Abstract : The expansion of international trade has raised arbitration to the rank of usual procedure for the resolution of commercial disputes. However, the increasing number of complex litigations, jurisdictionalisation and “judicialisation” of arbitration create a source of multiples conflicts of jurisdiction in arbitration. Thus, the repetition of an identical dispute or the fragmentation of related litigations are likely to occur between State courts and arbitral tribunals, between two arbitral tribunals or between two States courts hearing a matter for arbitration. Despite the existence of an arbitration agreement embodying the arbitrator’s jurisdiction, a party may challenge its applicability before a State court, leading to a lis pendens situation. The situation of related actions in arbitration is not an isolated case: a plurality of contracts or parties may cause fragmentation of related litigations between a judge and an arbitrator. These incidents affect the principles of arbitration proceedings intended to promote efficiency, promptness and the proper administration of justice. Although mechanisms to resolve situations of lis pendens and related actions exist, their forms and implications differ from English to French arbitration law. The bilateral comparative law method, based on English and French laws, helps understanding the mechanisms resolving jurisdiction incidents in arbitration and comparative law allows revealing a part of the essence of arbitration law specifics to legal national system studied.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/DDOC_T_2014_0323_MOUROT.pdf
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:23:17 PM
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Alice Mourot. Le traitement des incidents de compétence dans l'arbitrage commercial international : étude comparée du droit français et du droit anglais. Droit. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0323⟩. ⟨tel-01751628⟩

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