Élaboration et caractérisation de nanocomposites à base de mélanges polystyrène/polyamide 6 et d'argile montmorillonite

Abstract : This work aimed the preparation and characterization on polystyrene / polyamide 6 / montmorillonite clay (PS/PA6/MMT) nanocomposites. The goal was to evaluate the influence of the addition of polystyrene graft copolymer with polyamide 6 (PA6-g-PS) with potential to act as a coupling agent, promoting better interaction between PS and PA6, and to study the structures and properties of obtained nanocomposites. Two types of montmorillonite clay, organically modified with different modifiers, as well as five types of PS-g-PA6 copolymer, possessing different amounts of PA6 and grafts with different molecular weights, were employed. Two PS/PA6 blends compositions were prepared, 50/50 and 80/20 wt%. The chosen amount of clay and PS-g-PA6 were 5 and 3% by weight, respectively. Images obtained via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed a phase inversion occurring between the two compositions, being PS the dispersed phase in 50/50% composition. SEM images also showed that the addition of copolymers and clay have a synergistic effect on the compatibilization of the blends PS/PA6 in both compositions. The copolymers coalescence ability is strongly affected by their molecular weight and their amount of PA6, which provides different levels of folding of the chains at the interface PS-PA6.The best results were obtained in systems where it was added concomitantly clay and copolymer. Rheology and TEM results showed that the molecular weight of copolymers influence the interfacial tension in mixtures. In general, copolymers containing larger amounts of PA6, associated with clay that best interacts with PA6, showed the best results
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Marina Magaton. Élaboration et caractérisation de nanocomposites à base de mélanges polystyrène/polyamide 6 et d'argile montmorillonite. Alimentation et Nutrition. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL072N⟩. ⟨tel-01751637⟩

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